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Friday, March 31, 2017

How to grow tomatoes with LED lighting.

Philips Lighting took a select group of leading global tomato growers, owners and consultants to visit three innovative French tomato growers with 100% LED installations during the fourth Philips High Wire Event. Philips Horticulture LED lighting is hosting the trips to the Kernoas greenhouse, with two seasons of experience growing with 100% LEDs, the Tomate Jouno greenhouse, specializing in year-round production of cherry tomatoes and Le Jardin de Rabelais, which grows vine and cherry tomatoes in its new Suprimair 3.4 ha greenhouse. continue

Thursday, March 30, 2017

Making cows more environmentally friendly by feeding hydroponic fodder.

Scientists at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Scotland's Rural College (SRUC) and the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Frankfurt have published a paper revealing an important discovery surrounding plants used to feed livestock; that plants growing in warmer conditions are tougher and have lower nutritional value to grazing livestock, potentially inhibiting milk and meat yields and raising the amount of methane released by the animals. The higher amounts of methane are produced when plants are tougher to digest -- an effect of a warmer environment. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, around 25 times better at trapping heat than carbon dioxide and more than 95% of the methane produced by cows comes from their breath through belching and farting . Diet plays a vital role in control of methane emissions related to cattle thus various strategies have been proposed to stem these emissions. The change in diet of cattle to more easily digestible and metabolisable feed ensures less regurgitation,more absorption and less methane emission. Farming without soil also referred to as hydroponics refers to growing plants in nutrient rich media under controlled temperature and humidity to produce fresh fodder for animals,which are highly nutritious, easily digestible and free from pesticides. Cattle fed with hydroponic fodder grow fast, produce more milk,beef and less gas. The animals have access to the full nutrients from the cereal or legume,the minerals protein and fat are liberated in the fodder making it a great alternative. Cows normally have access to 20% of energy in the grain diet while with fodder system 95% of the energy is available for growth and reproductive health and performance. The short span of growth from seed to fodder within 7 days ensures that animals have fresh fodder all year round.

How Azolla can combat malaria and other mosquito borne infection.

Malaria is a global issue with about 200 million people infected yearly ,all hands are on deck to eradicate malaria completely by control of mosquitoes,production of vaccine,provision of nets for prevention of bites and education on sanitation to destroy breeding sites of mosquitoes. Mosquitoes also are linked to Zika virus infection, chikungunya, dog heartworm, dengue, yellow fever,eastern equine encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis, this clearly shows why eradication of mosquitoes are very important. Mosquitoes also affects animals resulting in death if critical cases,in poultry avian malaria is a subtle killer while horses react to bites with hypersensitivity reaction and encephalomyelitis in severe cases. see The host range of mosquitoes are widespread making them a public health concern and hence a major target to ensure health care for all and pet wellness and animal welfare as a whole. The azolla fern can eradicate mosquitoes without use of chemicals and also not disrupt ecosystem . The azolla fern is a miracle fern that has found usefulness as livestock feed,bio fertilizer,biogas substrate and mosquito repellent. The harvested Azolla fern can be dried and spread around premises to repel mosquitoes. Azolla can be used to eliminate mosquitoes on a larger scale by forming dense mat on the surface of the water, preventing adult mosquitoes from laying eggs and also reducing the emergence and development of mosquito larvae.

Azolla as a feed ingredient in broiler ration.

Azolla as a feed ingredient in broiler ration. A study was carried out to determine the viability of adding Azolla to broiler diet on performance and cost analysis. The study reported in International Journal of Poultry Science 1: 29-34, 2002 ,shows that a 5% inclusion rate of Azolla in broiler ration is viable both for performance and cost implication. The experiment was conducted with 120 seven days old Vencobb commercial broiler chicks and continued up to 42 days of age to determine the feasibility of Azolla as a feed ingredient in broiler ration. The broilers are randomly allotted to four dietary treatments; T (control diet without Azolla meal), T (diet with 5% Azolla meal), T (diet with 10% Azolla 1 2 3 meal) and T (diet with 15% Azolla meal) diets replacing sesame meal by Azolla meal. The composition of Azolla meal contained 4 25.78% crude protein, 15.71% crude fibre, 3.47% ether extract, 15.76% ash and 30.08% nitrogen free extract on the air-dry basis. Live weight, production number and protein efficiency were (P< 0.01) significantly improved at the level off 5% Azolla meal in broiler ration. Feed conversion ratio and energy efficiency were significantly (P< 0.01) improved in diet with 5% Azolla meal and control diet. The study concluded that the use of up to 5% Azolla meal in a broiler ration may help improve performance and this inclusion rate in a broiler diet is also determined as a safe level. Azolla meal had no deleterious effect on the palatability of broiler diets. A farmer using Azolla shares her experience; farmer from sunshine chickens harvest a lot of Azolla to feed the three (3) batches of Sunshine Chicken they have in the farm. They are fed pails and pails of it daily.. All ages eat azolla ,not limited to broilers as layers also feed on Azolla with bigger eggs as an advantage. Continue

Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Azolla,miracle fern and animal feed.

The cost of feed of livestock coupled with climatic changes have pushed farmers to look inwards and promote innovative practices to keep their flock and also create wealth. Farmers have sought out practices like hydroponics,which they have used to make fodder for livestock and also vegetables for man. see and also the benefits are Farmers have also embraced aquaponics and aeroponics to grow vegetables and legumes for man and livestock to create wealth and ensure food security.The race to feed the estimated 9 billion by 2050 and the pressure on land and ecosystem at large has pushed more green initiatives to farmers to cut losses and conserve the environment. The Azolla fern is a miracle fern that has been incorporated into agriculture such as India,China, Vietnam e.t.c. The aquatic plant is easy to cultivate and nurture and requires no extensive preparation/processing before been fed to animals. Azolla can be fed wholly to cattle and pigs without any additional feed as it provides necessary nutrients needed for growth and development. Azolla farming is cheap,easy,nutritious and readily available for farmers. Azolla is an aquatic fern usually referred to as the miracle fern because its rich in organic nutrients and useful as feed and fertilizer. Azolla contain 25-30 % protein, essential amino acids, vitamin A, vitamin B12 and Beta- Carotene, calcium and iron minerals . Azolla contains phosphorus, potassium, ferrous, copper, magnesium, bio-active substances and it is this what makes Azolla a perfect organic fertilizer. Azolla can be used as a cattle feed and research has shown that Azolla helps to increase the milk production. Its also used as a feed to quail, rabbit, fish, duck, pig etc.When fed to hen on a daily basis, Azolla promotes production of good quality of eggs. Azolla has Anabena that helps to absorb nitrogen, and the nitrogen absorbed is converted to protein and amino acid which is later stored in the leaves. Nitrogen is one main factor that helps in a plant’s growth this makes Azolla, a high standard fertilizer that aid in the growth of a plant. Azolla also act as a mosquito repellant , the dried Azolla is also used as a partial substitute to Groundnut meal in feed compounding. When Azolla is produced in excess it can be dried and stored in plastic bags for preservation. The inclusion of Azolla in poultry diet, is the in dried form and added ratio is 5% of normal ration.

Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Illustrated experiment: modifying mosquitoes to save millions of lives.

Malaria, a disease transmitted by a type of mosquito called Anopheles, kills 500,000 people every year, most of them in Africa. But Andrea Crisanti, professor of molecular parasitology at London's Imperial College, has a plan to eradicate it in many countries. pquZbK1DQ30/WNsr6J_DMGI/AAAAAAAAH_E/s0UHE6vR4fs5uvFkn10minXTENaKF58YQCLcB/s320/mal7.jpg" width="320" height="157" /> more

Researchers have discovered a map on the hunt for malaria vaccine.

Researchers using the Australian Synchrotron, mapped the parasite protein CyRPA in atomic detail for the first time, and established how antibodies that block the function of CyRPA disrupt the parasite's ability to bind to and infect human red blood cells. Plasmodium falciparum is the most deadly strain of malaria parasite, and is predominantly found in Africa, where it causes up to half a million deaths each year. It is widely accepted that malaria vaccines will play a crucial role in eliminating malaria infections, and the eventual eradication of the parasites. The study published in the journal eLife shows that CyRPA forms a complex with two other parasite proteins – PfRh5 and PfRipr – and together the complex is essential for the parasite to be able to burrow into red blood cells.This study has shown at atomic level how key antibodies block the parasite from infecting the human red blood cell which was previously unknown.

Malaria parasites walk through cell walls to infect humans.

A new study has identified proteins that allow malaria parasites walk through cell walls to infect humans.The research has identified two parasite proteins that are the key to this superpower,the findings were published in the journal Cell Reports. The proteins could be targeted to develop much-needed antimalarial drugs or vaccines. Malaria causes more than 650,000 deaths each year, predominantly in children and pregnant women, and there is an urgent need for new malaria vaccines and treatments in an effort to eradicate the disease. When a person is infected with malaria, the parasite silently invades and multiplies in liver cells, but doesn't cause disease. The parasites then burst out of the liver and infect the blood, causing symptoms such as fever, chills, fatigue and muscle and joint pain that are characteristic of malaria. The research confirmed the deadly malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum had the ability to 'walk through cell walls' as it sought out liver cells where it could hide and multiply. The study identified that P. falciparum parasites traverse human cells - effectively walking through cell walls - using two proteins called SPECT and PLP1 to achieve this superpower. This allows parasites to get from the skin to the liver very quickly following a mosquito bite.

Cattle associated antibiotics disturb soil ecosystems.

A new study has shown that cattle associated antibiotics disturb soil ecosystems.Manure from cattle administered antibiotics drastically changes the bacterial and fungal make-up of surrounding soil, leading to ecosystem dysfunction, according to a Virginia Tech research team.Their findings were published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. The team analyzed soil samples from 11 dairy farms in the United States, and found that the amount of antibiotic resistant genes was 200 times greater in soil near manure piles compared with soil that wasn't. Furthermore, microbes with greater antibiotic-resistance showed higher stress levels. Soil microbial communities are important for sustaining ecosystem services such as climate regulation, soil fertility, and food production. Perturbations, such as antibiotic exposure, can have marked effects on soil microbes and these services. The development of antibiotic resistance can be an energy-sucker for a microorganism, and would explain why we've seen higher stress levels because microbes with greater antibiotic-resistance showed higher stress levels.

New test detects early stage of wasting disease in cattle.

Researchers at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS) at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, have identified a more sensitive test for detecting the early stages of paratuberculosis, a fatal disease that plagues dairy herds and causes an estimated annual loss of up to $250 million to the US dairy industry. Current methods of testing for the presence of the bacteria that cause the disease often misdiagnose animals in the early stages of the disease, which has no cure. Infected animals produce less milk, have fertility problems, and must be culled. Transmission occurs by ingestion of manure-contaminated food and pastures or by colostrum passed from an infected dam to a calf. The disease usually manifests two to three years after the initial infection, but in some cases, can take up to 10 years before it becomes apparent. During this time, infected animals shed the bacteria, putting the health of the entire herd at risk. The research, published in Nature's Scientific Reports, found that the fecal test could not reliably predict persistent infections or early stages.Shedding and potential transmission could occur well before a fecal test yields positive results, so what's needed are other disease predictors. Using a suite of mathematical models and statistical simulations, the researchers determined that a test based on a type of immune cells called macrophages produces more reliable diagnoses.The macrophage based assay could be a better marker in the diagnoses of paratuberculosis infections, especially in slow or non-progressing infections and also in cases that progress to advance diseases rapidly.

Monday, March 27, 2017

Aquaponics Lab Explores Food Production for Earth And Possibly Mars .

Aquaponics Lab Explores Food Production for Earth And Possibly Mars.Professor Peter Merkle can envision his research, which involves networks of ecotubes full of plants, fish and fish waste, one day helping feed humans living on Mars. Aquaponics combines fish farming, known as aquaculture, with hydroponics, which involves growing plants without soil, into one integrated, mutually beneficial system.The fish waste provides an organic, nutrient-rich fertilizer for the growing plants, and the plants act as a natural filter for the water in which the fish live. Beneficial bacteria in the aquaponics system convert the ammonia from the fish waste into nitrite and then nitrate, which fertilizes the plants. Water is cycled through the system to collect the fish waste, pump it to the plant beds, and then return it to the fish tank. continue

People are breeding bunnies with flat faces and terrible health is the implication.

Rabbits such as, the Netherlands dwarf, an undeniably cute and very tiny bunny that one rabbit breeding website describes as “a ball head set atop a ball body.” This and other breeds such as the Lionhead — a maned animal that looks like no wild rabbit you’ve ever seen hopping through a field — often suffer from dental problems, ear infections and overflowing tear ducts, according to three British animal welfare charities that are trying to draw attention to the medical woes of brachycephalic cats and rabbits. The growing demand for flat-faced rabbits “is disastrous,” said Richard Saunders, the head veterinarian of the Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund, a British organization. Rabbits’ teeth grow continuously throughout their whole lives and must line up exactly to wear down evenly. The short face means the bottom jaw is longer than the top one … and the teeth do not line up. Teeth soon overgrow causing chronic pain, lacerated mouths, abscesses and in many cases death. continue

Scientists turned spinach leaves into beating human heart tissue.

Researchers have successfully used spinach leaves to build functioning human heart tissue, complete with veins that can transport blood. To tackle a chronic shortage of donor organs, scientists have been working on growing various tissues and even whole organs in the lab. But culturing a bunch of cells is only part of the solution - they simply won't thrive without a constant blood supply. It's notoriously difficult to build a working network of fine blood vessels (also called vasculature), especially when you get down to capillaries, which are only 5 to 10 micrometres wide. Blood vessels transport the oxygen and nutrients that a lab-grown tissue sample needs to grow and function. Now a team led by scientists from Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) have successfully turned a spinach leaf into living heart tissue by using the tiny network of veins you'd already find in a plant.continue

How a farmer makes plastic brooders from waste Jerry cans.

Plastics have found several uses in poultry see but another farmer has created brooders from can. The innovation is cheap,durable and effective, Cornelius Obonyo, a poultry farmer, uses the jerrycans to make plastic brooders. Obonyo not only has enough brooders for his poultry, but also makes money by selling them to his neighbors. He sells a brooder with a capacity for 50 chicks at Sh5,000. This takes him a week and four 20-litre and five 10-litre jerrycans to make. He says people love his brooders because they do not rust, are poor conductors of heat and are easy to wash. Continue

Innovative aquaponics kit promotes urban agriculture.

27-year old Cameroonian industrial engineer, Flavien Kouatcha has produced an innovative aquaponics kit to promote urban agriculture. The innovation involves the use of what he created and named “Aquaponic Kits” which facilitate “the use of vertical and urban agriculture to produce chemical-free agricultural products with the use of fish excrement. The process involves the use of greenhouse and in-house facilities to produce the equivalent of half hectare of harvest. The main products which have been successfully grown using this mechanism include, pepper, parsley, celeries and tomatoes. They plan to try other crops in the near futures. The Aquaponic kit facilitate the growth of plants with the use of fish waste as organic fertilizer. continue

Leaders from Brazil and EU to tackle meat 'crisis'

Leaders from Brazil and EU to tackle meat 'crisis': European Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis is in Brazil on a three-day mission to ensure imported food is safe for consumption, following claims Brazilian meat processors bribed government officials and sold rotten meat.

Texas food firm hit with 15t recall

Texas food firm hit with 15t recall: Texas-based food producer Ajinomoto Windsor has recalled 15 tonnes (35,168 pounds) of frozen ready-to-eat beef products that may be contaminated with rubber.

Sunday, March 26, 2017

How to grow tomatoes with Epsom salt.

Tomatoes are an excellent source of vitamin C and beta-carotene and Studies show that lycopene in tomatoes is responsible for the deep redness which is a powerful antioxidant. Lycopene is an antioxidant compound and the natural pigment that is responsible for the deep color of several fruits, most commonly tomatoes and watermelons. Tomatoes can be grown in the open field, green houses or hydroponics but which ever method you choose, certain nutrients are necessary/essential for the growth.Epsom salt is one of the essential nutrients needed for succulent,big and healthy tomatoes. Epsom salt is magnesium sulphate and its sprinkled in the soil as fertilizer or to add sulfur and magnesium to the soil for proper development. Epsom salts is magnesium sulfate its about 10% magnesium and 13 % sulfur. Magnesium is essential for seed germination and the production of chlorophyll, fruit, and nuts. Magnesium helps strengthen cell walls and improves plants' uptake of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. When Epsom salt is added to soil of tomato plant you produce rich,tastier vines . Epsom salt to plants in the following ways;1) Foliar spraying: add 2 tablespoons of Epsom salt to a gallon of water and apply the mix once a month substituting the spray for a regular watering. Use 1 tablespoon per gallon of water if you apply Epsom salt spray more often than once a month. Start foliar spraying when blooms first appear. 2)Side-dressing : work 1 tablespoon of Epsom salt per foot of plant height around the base of each plant. Side-dress plants every six weeks beginning soon after leaves appear and continuing through the end harvest. 3) Soil additive at planting time: add 1/2 tablespoons of Epsom salt to the bottom of each hole before planting seeds or transplants as a booster or fertilizer. Learn how to use the Epsom salt,bone meal,calcium nitrate and

Feeding tomato waste to broilers for peak performance.

Tomato waste may be used as ration ingredient in ration of broiler chicken in the breeding period from 29 to 42 days of age up to the level of 20% without harming weight gain and conversion of poultry. Raising broilers is typically a 42-day affair with a feed conversion of 2:1,with conventional feed,but supplementing the feed with tomato waste from 29 days to slaughter has shown considerable weight gain. How to feed broilers for profit see ,while thinking of cost of feed and feed efficiency you can consider the addition of tomato waste towards the peak period to achieve more with less. The study and inclusion rate is here

Saturday, March 25, 2017

Easy steps to plant tomatoes and make money.

Tomatoes is the choice crop of most farmers because of the lucrative nature of venture. Farmers into tomato planting are millionaires as every step of the tomato value chain is a money spinner. Farmers plant tomatoes in various ways,some do the natural open field,some the green houses and some others the hydroponics. The method of planting also influences the price tag as the more sophisticated methods attract more money but the bottom line is planting tomatoes is easy and you make money. Value addition is another niche,see how to make money from processing here The easy steps to plant tomatoes and make money,see

Friday, March 24, 2017

Ant hill mulch improves soil moisture.

A new study has shown that ant hill mulch improves moisture in soil thus increasing organic matter in soil The study undertaken by scientists in China reveals that ants are hardworking and beneficial insects. In the activities of their daily lives, ants help increase air, water flow, and organic matter in soil. The work done by ants even forms a type of mulch that helps hold water in the soil. Ants dwell in the soil, and build their homes by burrowing tiny holes, channels, and chambers. Soil scientists refer to these as macropores. These ants place the soil they are digging out on the soil surface. The tiny clumps seen as an ant hill are what researchers call aggregate mulches. Ants by creating the aggregate mulches, help the soil environment by bringing down food sources from outside. Ant-made aggregate mulches could help retain water in agricultural fields.

How to make fertilizer using urine of rabbits.

Foliar fertilizer is made from rabbit's urine, its ecofriendly and a healthy substitute for regular fertilizers. Peter Kagereki, packages rabbit urine (foliar fertiliser) which he brands as Ecoboost Foliar Fertiliser. He collects urine adds corn starch ,molasses and stores the mixture in a tank for three weeks during which anaerobic reaction takes place. This is basically fermentation which ensures good bacteria remain intact. Foliar fertiliser is organic and thus environmentally friendly. It produces ammonia which acts as a repellent to pests. The fertiliser is absorbed by plants faster as it enters directly through pores unlike others that enter through roots. more

How to use cabbage to kill worms.

Cabbage farming is a lucrative agribusiness providing income and entrepreneurial opportunities to young farmers. A farmer has found an innovative way to kill worms on his farm using cabbage,Nyamira politician Victor Swanya has found a unique way of controlling the pests, also called root worms, in his farm that has 18 greenhouses. He plants cabbages, potatoes, tomatoes and pepper (both green and red) in his farm and supplies the produce to various supermarkets and other vegetable stores in Nairobi. He says plant-parasitic nematodes can reduce crop harvest by up to 70 per cent. Commonly referred to as root-knot nematodes, these pests are introduced into new areas by infested soil or plants also they can be in the soil attached to tools and equipment that have been used elsewhere. The green leafy cabbage in his farm is no longer sold to the market for consumption but shredded and buried in the farm to control the nematodes. The green leafy cabbage in his farm is no longer sold to the market for consumption but shredded and buried in the farm to control the nematodes.Judy Niikumi, an agronomist in the farm says that when cabbage decomposes, it produces a toxic substance that kills nematodes. She says cabbage is more reliable than other crops such as spinach and sukuma wiki. continue #agribusiness #cabbage #worms #farmers.

Sunday, March 19, 2017

Sweet potato and weight loss: Food firms urged to exploit 'new business opportunities'

Sweet potato and weight loss: Food firms urged to exploit 'new business opportunities': Sweet potato supplementation significantly reduced obesity caused by a high-fat diet and also had beneficial effects on liver and kidney functions, a new China study shows.

Wasted value: Tomato waste backed for development of ‘nutrient rich’ ingredients

Wasted value: Tomato waste backed for development of ‘nutrient rich’ ingredients: Agricultural tomato wastes could be used to produce valuable functional ingredients as part of a sustainable strategy that uses sustainable extraction methods and contributes to a bio-economy, say researchers.

Thiamine-fortified fish sauce could help combat beriberi

Thiamine-fortified fish sauce could help combat beriberi: Fish sauce fortified with thiamine could help fight cases of beriberi in Southeast Asia – a public health concern caused by thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency.

Noodles as a nutrient vehicle: Research reveals how instant snack is suitable for fortification

Noodles as a nutrient vehicle: Research reveals how instant snack is suitable for fortification: Fortifying wheat flour used for making instant noodles has the potential to improve nutrient intakes in Asia, a review shows.

Noodles as a nutrient vehicle: Research reveals how instant snack is suitable for fortification

Noodles as a nutrient vehicle: Research reveals how instant snack is suitable for fortification: Fortifying wheat flour used for making instant noodles has the potential to improve nutrient intakes in Asia, a review shows.

Friday, March 17, 2017

How farming without soil can reduce methane emission in cattle.

Cattle are responsible for 20% of the world's green house gas,contributing to climate change experienced worldwide. The methane emission stems from their digestion model,wherein feed ingested are digested by gut microbes in rumen resulting in large amounts of the methane gas,the constant chewing ,regurgitation contributes to the burping and farting which releases the gas to the atmosphere. The change in diet of cattle to more easily digestible and metabolisable feed ensures less regurgitation,more absorption and less methane emission. Farming without soil also referred to as hydroponics refers to growing plants in nutrient rich media under controlled temperature and humidity to produce fresh fodder for animals,which are highly nutritious, easily digestible and free from pesticides. Farming without soil can be used to grow food for man and fodder for livestock saving money,reducing water use and need for pesticides. Farming without soil can be used to grow wheat,sorghum, millet,corn and oats making a nutritious fodder for animals. Cattle fed with hydroponic fodder grow fast, produce more milk,beef and less gas. The animals have access to the full nutrients from the cereal or legume,the minerals protein and fat are liberated in the fodder making it a great alternative. Cows normally have access to 20% of energy in the grain diet while with fodder system 95% of the energy is available for growth and reproductive health and performance. The short span of growth from seed to fodder within 7 days ensures that animals have fresh fodder all year round. Farming without soil is ecofriendly because there is no pressure on the environment for the following reasons 1) limited land space is needed. 2) less amount of water is required to sprout the seeds. 3)reduction of carbon print on farms as no machinery like tractors are used. 4)fodder is highly digestible preventing excessive burping and farting thus reducing methane emission. 5) smart agriculture. Farming without soil = hydroponics is a form of #smart agriculture our #solution to #climate change.

How to use tea to reduce methane emission.

Tea the refreshing beverage that comes in various varieties and strengths has found tremendous use in veterinary medicine for treatment ,prevention and increase productivity in certain breeds. The power component of tea thats responsible for its multipurpose use is Tannin, a potent antibacterial,antiviral and wound healing properties. Read how to use tea to treat dogs here, also read how to use in poultry here Tea has found another use now in animal health,environmental health and human health,tea can be referred to as the "ONE HEALTH KEY " to solve the methane emission crisis. Cows burps and farts thus producing massive amount of methane, which is a potent greenhouse gas. Cows produce so much methane because of the way they digest their food. When cows feed the microbes in the rumen break down the feed, which produces a lot of methane. There has been studies to look at how to reduce these emissions by altering the feed of cattle,some school of thought suggested additives such as probiotic yeast see The latest study by the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico in Toluca, a city near Mexico City, shows that giving cows plants containing tannins—bitter-tasting organic compounds found in things like coffee and tea—that kill bacteria. When tea is fed to the cattle in small doses they inhibit methane-producing microorganisms in the cows’ gut without affecting the rest of the digestive process thus limiting the methane emission.

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Dairy farmers turning to hydroponics.

The increase in cost of feed for dairy farmers has prompted the need to look for feed alternatives without reducing quality of products. Hydroponic fodder is a suitable means of revamping the dairy sector. The high cost of feed coupled with drought conditions and scarcity of these high feed prices is creating havoc for many dairy farmers,prompting some producers to find an innovative and cost-effective solution with sprout fodder. The green fodder is very high in protein and metabolisable energy hence it is highly digestible. Green fodder is an important component of the dairy ration, as the productive and reproductive performance of the dairy animals is adversely affected,thus for sustainable dairy farming, quality green fodder should be fed regularly to the dairy animals.more This is the story of a farmer turning to hydroponics to feed cows; Rose Chelang’at decided to take up hydroponics farming at her dairy farm ,she invested approximately $113 to purchase the required material and embark on a new technology journey. Two of her dairy cows now produce four more liters per day, increasing their daily milk production from 11 to 15 liters. She gets an additional 12 liters per day from my third cow, all this after introducing the hydroponically grown fodder into the diet of her herd. more

Revamping the dairy sector with hydroponic fodder.

The increase in cost of feed for dairy farmers has prompted the need to look for feed alternatives without reducing quality of products. Hydroponic fodder is a suitable means of revamping the dairy sector. The high cost of feed coupled with drought conditions and scarcity of these high feed prices is creating havoc for many dairy farmers,prompting some producers to find an innovative and cost-effective solution with sprout fodder. The green fodder is very high in protein and metabolisable energy hence it is highly digestible. Green fodder is an important component of the dairy ration, as the productive and reproductive performance of the dairy animals is adversely affected,thus for sustainable dairy farming, quality green fodder should be fed regularly to the dairy animals. The provision of fresh fodder can be readily available throughout the year irrespective of weather,land crisis or water shortage. The advantages of using hydroponic fodder in dairy farming are as follows; 1) Cheap fresh fodder. 2) low labor cost. 3) increase in milk yield. 4) increase in body weight. 5)increase in butterfat in milk. 6) increases survival rate of calf. 7) improved herd health .8)improved hoof health. 9)low incidence of mastitis. 10) glossy coat . Hydroponic fodder mimics the benefits of fresh pasture and is a better feed option for grazing animals. Ruminants are able to digest fodder sprouts easier as its more digestible than grain, thus improving feed efficiency, milk and meat production. The hydroponic system can use various seeds such as corn, millet,sorghum,oats,wheat e.t.c. ,but the benefits of using corn for dairy far out-ways other seeds.The corn fodder is rich naturally high in fiber, these sprouts are an excellent feed for ruminants. The corn sprouts have high energy levels, low starch content and have a low acid content and this reduces the occurrence of acidosis. Feeding sprouted grain fodder will result in higher milk yields and better quality beef. Dairy farmers incorporating hydroponic fodder have cut cost of production while increasing productivity of cows and milk production as farmers record an increase of 2 litres of milk/cow. The corn seeds requires about 1.5 litres of water to produce 1kg of fodder, with no pesticides,no contamination and no waste.

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Benefits of hydroponic fodder for poultry.

Poultry feed is very expensive in the market, thus opening up doors for innovation to reduce cost without reducing quality of products. The shift to hydroponically grown fodder is an easy choice for poultry producers. The Sprouted fodder is considered a complete ration for poultry as it contains all of the essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals needed for optimal meat and egg production,however the rate of inclusion in the diet must be regulated to boost productivity. The benefits of using the hydroponic fodder are as follows ;1) reduction in cost of production. 2) faster growth rate for birds. 3) high quality and quantity of eggs. 4) low disease incidence.5)limited space for production. 6)low water usage . The green fodder is very high in protein and metabolisable energy, which is very digestible by most animals and this increases with day of harvest. The fodder for poultry should be harvested at day 4,as its succulent with less fiber content and easily digested , feeding fodder over 4days will result in reduced activity,low egg numbers and inappetence in birds. The cost implication of using this fodder is minimal as 2kg of corn will produce 10kg of fodder in 7 days, and one chicken will feed on 200gm of fodder a day. The best method of incorporation is to use 70% of the fodder with 30% of the compounded feed and water should be available always. start

How to make hydroponic fodder for poultry.

The effect of climate change on food production and food security is a challenge that concerns and affects everybody.Food is needed by all creatures and as such the production,distribution and availability is of paramount importance. The effect of drought on farming areas,farmers's productivity and foodsecurity is begging for attention,therefore innovative ideas are springing up as to how to feed the ever increasing population with limited land resource and high cost of feed for livestock. Feeding poultry this period is very expensive,with farmers seeking alternatives to boost production and also make profit. see The hydroponic system refers to growing seeds in soilless medium but nutrient rich media that will foster rapid growth for animals. Hydroponic fodder system is the answer to climate change affecting agriculture and food security. The hydroponic fodder for poultry with corn, reduces the cost of feed and bags of feed required for the flock. This is an innovative way i discovered of making fodder for poultry using disposable plates; The fodder for poultry is ready in 4 days. Method; 1) select clean seeds . 2) soak seeds in a solution of vinegar+ water or bleach solution. 3) wash after 4 hours in clean water and drain . 4) incubate seeds 5) transfer to prepared trays 6)spray plates with nutrients 3 times a day 7) start harvesting .

Monday, March 13, 2017

Lagos to Host Nigeria Poultry and Livestock Exhibition.(NIPOLI)

Nigeria poultry and livestock(NIPOLI) expo holds March 23-25 in Lagos. The event is a wide forum with valuable information about poultry industry, feed equipment, technology, breeders, egg farming, poultry nutrition, animal health and international standard poultry production. It will also showcase latest advances in poultry research, science and technology like cages and feed milling importance. It also offers advanced knowledge and understanding of poultry industry via scientific forums, training's and career opportunities. The main aim of this exhibition is to help keep abreast of the latest developments and practice in the poultry and livestock management, health & nutrition, breeding and new techniques in feed manufacturing and production. NIPOLI EXPO 2017 is a unique platform to display, developments and thinking for the improvement of the industry and also attract ample trading and investment opportunities.see and Leading regional and international poultry industry experts will come together on single platform at Mimaya Exhibition & Events Centre to share their intelligence and experience to provide insights for those working in the many sectors of this vast industry, such as livestock feed manufactures, veterinary products & services, animal biotechnology / bio security, fishery nutrition / health products, poultry equipment manufactures, dairy farming equipment, poultry & cattle feed machinery, poultry & other animal breeders etc. Investors and partnership opportunities here more

Saturday, March 11, 2017

How to use yogurt to reverse depression.

Probiotic found in yogurt can reverse depression symptoms. Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have reversed depression in mice by feeding them Lactobacillus, a probiotic bacteria found in live-cultures yogurt. The scientists also discovered a specific mechanism of how the bacteria affect mood, providing a direct link between the health of the gut microbiome and mental health. The role of the gut microbiome the bacteria that live inside us has been of tremendous interest to researchers studying depression and other health conditions, both mental and physical.Stress increases chances of depression thus fingering it as a trigger for mood swings. Loading up on yogurt can actually switch moods and stop depression,life truly is in the gut.

Aluminium Toxicity in Tomato and how to genetically control it.

Aluminium Toxicity in Tomato and how to genetically control it.Aluminium toxicity has been recognized as a major limiting factor for plant productivity on acid soil, which comprises about 40% of the arable land in the world. The problem of aluminium toxicity is particular serious in low pH acidic soils (pH<5.5) that is difficult to reclaimed with lime. At low pH, dissolution of Al-containing compounds is enhanced and the release of toxic Al3+ ions into the soil solution that can rapidly inhibit root growth. The major sign of aluminum toxicity is rapid inhibition of root growth. Different plant species have developed different mechanisms to minimize the harmful effects of Aluminum toxicity. The most common mechanisms of Al3+ resistance is the secretion of anions of organic acids from the roots. It is possible to detoxify Al3+ in surface soil by liming to pH 5.5 or above. However, liming is not a remedy for subsoil acidity and it is not always economically feasible. Therefore, the most appropriate strategy to overcome Al-toxicity is to select or breed genotypes with tolerance to aluminium toxicity. For this, sources of tolerance and pattern of inheritance need to be identified. In order to investigate the genetic mechanism of tolerance it is necessary to screen and measure the tolerance of aluminium toxicity in large number of genotypes by using rapid, effective and reproducible screening techniques. Several screening techniques have been employed in evaluating Al3+ tolerance in plants such as root length, root re-growth, staining of roots with hematoxylin, root re-growth after staining. source

How to use laundry water to irrigate plants.

This is a simple way to recycle graywater from your washing machine for irrigation.Household wastewater from washing machines, bathroom sinks, showers, and bathtubs is considered “gray” because it is only lightly soiled and poses a minimal health risk. When you’re only putting biodegradable products down the drain, graywater is perfectly safe for irrigating plants. Kitchen sink water is technically considered graywater as well, but because of its grease content it often requires additional treatment before being used for irrigation. Blackwater refers to what you flush down the toilet and this requires intensive treatment before it may be reused in the landscape.Laundry machines are equipped with a pump to push the wastewater out of the machine and into a sewer pipe. The brilliance of this system, first developed by Art Ludwig of Oasis Design in Southern California, is that is uses a washing machine’s built-in pump to distribute the wastewater through a system of subsurface pipes to irrigate individual plants around the yard. The water flows out into mulch-filled basins around each plant, where the roots can access the moisture. more

How to use banana peels to kill fleas in poultry.

Fleas are ectoparasites that bite and stress the chicken,thus preventing weight gain.These blood sucking parasites cause severe discomfort to poultry because of excessive biting and pecking their feathers to give comfort. The world today is tending towards organic farming using natural products to grow crops,vegetables and raise animals without use of chemicals. Herbs,plant and plant extract have been used to ensure health of animals and boost production in poultry and livestock. see other natural remedy is . Banana peels are useful in poultry to kill fleas,so if you need to rid your flock of fleas and other biting insects this is a cheap natural insecticide. The banana peels are collected ,shredded and put in the poultry house. The mode of action is that fleas are attracted to the banana peels because of the scent,the fleas feed on the peels but are unable to digest resulting in constipation and subsequent death. The peels can also be shredded and mixed with droppings because the fleas breed in these dropping and feed on the birds. The cut banana peels can be scattered outside the poultry house to prevent fleas,mosquito and other infestation. Banana peels can also be fed to poultry,see

Friday, March 10, 2017

Superchocolate: Can chocolate really be a functional food?

Superchocolate: Can chocolate really be a functional food?: A chocolate bar containing 33% pure refined turmeric has been launched into the global functional foods market, as a convenient and enjoyable way to increase daily dosage of curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric

How to use moringa in horses.

Moringa a super-food additive is fast gaining recognition all over the world because of its outstanding properties that translate to our benefits and that of our pets. Moringa affects many of the systems of the body from respiratory ,reproductive,musculoskeletal,digestive and the skin to ensure perfect working conditions and healthy life . Moringa is a rich source of protein,vitamin A, vitamin C,potassium,calcium and iron. The entire moringa plant is of benefit, the seeds can be used as a natural dewormer for horses. The branches are perfect feed supplement that horses can nibble one while the leaf extract can be added to the horse feed or mix with water as an immune booster. The protein content of moringa helps tissue repair and muscle building resulting in rapid wound healing and faster growth rate. Essential amino acids and trace elements present in moringa ensure all body system function properly for health. Moringa is very important for hooves health especially for white line disease, crumbled hooves and laminitis.

How to use green tea leaves to boost production in poultry.

The use of green tea as a feed additive to boost production in poultry has shown immense benefits in terms of quality of birds,size of eggs and the growth phase with the birds reaching maturity faster. The race to start production without antibiotics has brought a lot of innovations with many scholars turning to plants,plant extracts and herbs to boost production. A study in Bangladesh has shown that antibiotic-free poultry production is possible by using green tea as a feed additive.The study showed that 0.25% of green tea ,250 grams in every 100 kilograms of feed as feed additive could bring better results than the use of antibiotics in poultry production. Another study showed the potency of green tea additive as a potent deworming agent and also as an anticoccidial agent. Birds fed the extract demonstrated better gut health as demonstrated by absence of coccidiosis in the flock. Birds were bigger than birds not fed the tea extracts,as the birds had better feed utilization thus promoting growth. The green tea extract contains flavonoids which are powerful antioxidants, amino acids, xanthine alkaloids, vitamin and minerals, which are safe for humans making the extract a substitute for antibiotic growth promoters.

How to use tea to treat dogs.

This is a home remedy to treat dogs using tea. The tea that is of importance are the normal black tea,not spiced tea and definitely no herbal tea. The tea must be brewed from actual tea shrub and not fruit or herb. Tea contains tannin a potent astringent with antiseptic properties. The tannin has antibacterial, antiviral properties as well as wound healing properties. The tannin in tea with its astringent effect produces a dry, tightening sensation which helps to stop bleeding. The tannin work by activating the thrombocytes which initiates rapid blood clotting. The potency of the tannin is proportional to the concentration of the tea,hence the stronger the tea, the more potent the tannin. Tannin have anti-inflammatory, antiviral effects and antibacterial effects,making tea capable of preventing spread of infections by creating a protective layer over the exposed tissues, while promoting wound healing and removing any offensive odor emanating from the site. The tea can be used to treat dogs in the following ways ;1) for cuts ,sores and bruises. 2) eye care especially in cases of conjunctivitis. 3)burns. When there is a wound,clean the wound and place moist tea bags on surface for an hour. The wound can also be cleaned with tea solution,the cooled brewed tea can be poured on swabs to clean wound. The brewed tea can also be used when cold to treat burns,this will hasten healing ,reduce the size of burnt area and reduce oozing fluid. Dog's ocular mucous membrane are sometimes irritated which are obvious by redness,discharge,swelling and scratching by the dogs. The eye can be flushed with tea solution using a syringe or swabbed with tea solution about 3 times a day. The tea bag (cooled) can be applied on the eyes directly for about 2 mins,this should be done 2 times daily for maximum benefit. The word of caution here is that a high level of hygiene should be practiced for maximum benefit. Hands must be washed and clean before you start wound dressing, also use a clean swab for each eye you are cleaning and most importantly dont use same tea bag for the 2 eyes to prevent cross-infection.

Drones made by Lagos state Polytechnic(LASPOTECH) to be deployed for aerial surveillance.

Drones made by Lagos Poly to be deployed for aerial surveillance. The Lagos State Governor, Mr Akinwunmi Ambode said the state government would deploy drone made by the staff and students of the Lagos State Polytechnic (LASPOTECH) to effectively carry out aerial security surveillance across the State. According to the Governor, it was worthy of note that LASPOTECH, in its 40 years of existence, had occupied a pride of place among State-owned Polytechnics in Nigeria, but stressed that conscious efforts must be made to build on the successes achieved especially by becoming a true centre for excellence in technological education and research. continue

Thursday, March 9, 2017

Garlic as a herbal remedy for poultry.

Garlic is a plant in the Allium family same as onion. Garlic contains a compound known as allicin, which is responsible for that distinct garlic smell and potent antibiotics properties. Allicin when ingested enters the body from the digestive tract and travels all over the body, where it exerts its potent effects . Garlic can also be crushed and applied topically to prevent mite infestation. Garlic is low in calories but rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin B6 and Manganese. It also contains trace amounts of various other nutrients such as calcium, copper, potassium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B1. In poultry the crushed cloves are added to water served to birds and this ensures gut health. Birds are usually given garlic -water mix as a form of deworming medication, these birds are free from internal and external parasites. Garlic is high in sulfur thus exhibiting actions of sulfonamides drugs and as such are good for gastrointestinal infections. Poultry farmers normally seek immune boosters for increased productivity of their birds,garlic offers such benefits. Crushed garlic -water mix acts as a tonic to boost immune system and also enhance appetite. Birds dosed with garlic-water mix grow faster and produce big eggs,while birds going into moulting phase can be triggered to produce more eggs of bigger sizes for a longer period. Birds fed on garlic have dropping that are not offensive,as the sulfur in the garlic nullifies the offensive ammonia odor. The crushed garlic gloves can also be added directly to the dropping site to prevent offensive odor in the poultry house.

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

How to use Aloe Vera in poultry .

Aloe vera plant is native to North Africa, Southern Europe, Africa,but today, aloe vera is grown in tropical climates worldwide. The use of aloe vera can be traced back 6,000 years to ancient Egypt. A 2014 study published by the Cambridge University looked at tomato plants coated with aloe gel. The report showed evidence that the coating successfully blocked the growth of many types of harmful bacteria on the vegetables thus this can be sprayed on crops instead of using pesticides. Aloe vera has found tremendous uses in homes, petcare ,horticulture and now in poultry. Poultry farmers use the aloe vera juice for cuts and bruises,they also use it to discourage cannibalism. When a bird has been pecked,the farmer applies the juice to the site and the bitter taste prevents further pecking. see The Aloe Vera juice is mixed with water and given to birds to ensure gut health.Aloe vera is rich in vitamins, minerals and enzymes that promotes overall good health in chickens. Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, and E are found in Aloe Vera. Farmers add the juice to water to prevent coccidiosis in the flock, using 3 teaspoons to a gallon of water. Aloe Vera is also used to boost productivity as it has been used to promote growth in broilers. Aloe vera extract given to broilers at a rate of 4 teaspoons of Aloe Vera extract to one gallon of drinking water found that the broilers grew bigger and faster than those broilers who had not been fed the extract. Aloe Vera also contains calcium, chromium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, phosphorus, sodium and zinc,which are important for health of the birds. Aloe Vera has been used to treat bumblefoot and scaly leg.This is done by mixing the chopped leaves with water,coconut oil then blending the mixture to form a paste,that can be easily applied topically. read also

Smart system counts eggs, detects diseases for poultry farmers.

Farmers can save on production costs, detect diseases and know the output of individual chickens in real time via mobile telephone by installing smart technology in poultry cages. Domotele Technology's Machine to machine (M2M) system is customised to alert farmers of any health risk as well as the performance of each chicken. Installed sensors collect the health or production data before relaying it to a safe domain in the cloud for the farmer to access it via the Internet. The Internet of Things system can also be instructed to process the data and relay it in form of a short message service (SMS) for those who do not have Internet. The installed sensors in cages help farmers know which chicken laid an egg on a given day. They also know the total number of eggs laid by the end of the day. The technology helps farmers know which hens are not laying so that such hens can be culled to avoid wasting feeds. Farmers also know the number of eggs produced per day,thus preventing plifering as workers cannot steal eggs because they are counted and an immediate alert is sent to the owner. The nesting cages have radio frequency identification (RFID) readers and weight sensors that track the contents inside and can determine if a hen has laid an egg.This puts into motion the egg counter process. RFID tags are intelligent bar codes that can 'talk' to a networked system to track every product that you buy in the supermarket for instance when you are checking out. The system can be customized to notify farmers of a diseases outbreak through a wireless sense node tag as well as change of the cage environment. Most farmers learn of an outbreak after chickens start dying. Early disease notification alerts the farmer to take quick action to prevent further spread. If the sensors detect that the temperature in the cage has gone above the set threshold, for instance 25 degrees Celsius, the farmer receives a notification in their smart phones. They can turn on fans with the smart phone from wherever they are,the fans run until the required temperature is achieved. contact

Solar incubator reduces hatchery expenses for farmer.

The high cost of the incubators and electricity bills drove Godfrey Ng’ang’a into making solar powered machine for himself and other farmers.The Kiambu County farmer bought his first to machines from South Africa and China with the hope of getting cost-saving and efficient equipment than those sold locally. Although the South Africa made incubator, which he bought at Sh140,000, was efficient, its power consumption was inhibiting; it required 45kwatts per day. That could cost him about Sh11,000 for 21 days. The high cost of management and lack of efficiency prompted him to make his own solar version. The comparison of the two incubators in materials and technology gave Ng’ang’a an idea of making incubators that use solar energy to reduce his expenditure on electricity. He used galvanized aluminium metal sheet, turpentine, transparent glass, nails, rivets, among other materials, to produce the incubator, which is powered by solar harnessed from the sun.The use of solar incubators has enabled him cut production costs. more

Why vaccinations are important for pets.

One of the most discussed pet issue is vaccination,with various takes by various school of thoughts. A faction believe that vaccination should be minimal,others believe that it should be regulated and administered at various intervals. There is a sect that believes vaccines are not important but only a gimmick to get money from pet-owners,while others believe that vaccines could be sidelined,that pets dont need vaccines. The truth is this, vaccines are necessary for health and well being of your pets, if you love your pets you will vaccinate them.Viral infections can be prevented by vaccinations and the common viral infections in the dog population are Canine Distemper , Infectious Canine Hepatitis and Canine Parvovirus . The incidence is low in countries where vaccination is encouraged,thus ensuring pet health and safety. Vaccinations are the only method to prevent viral infections,so if vaccines are not administered on exposure to such infections,death is imminent. Dogs are usually vaccinated using the DHLPP vaccine that covers 5 deadly diseases.,and also the public health disease rabies. Dogs not vaccinated are usually a foci of infection in the dog community and consequently spreading infection. When dogs are not vaccinated especially for rabies, they pose a threat not only to the dog community but to humans as well. Vaccination is important for pet health and safety. The risk of adverse reactions to vaccines is real but as with any medication side effects can occur. It is important to only have your pet vaccinated when they are healthy, and observe them more carefully for 24 hours post-vaccination. They may sleep more but this is normal as the body works hard to produce the antibodies against future exposure to disease. Vaccinations are highly recommended for pet health, follow the pet health plan.

2017 set to be the ‘Year of Sustainable Grassland’.

Countries are revamping and re-positioning their dairy sector by improving and expanding grass cultivation. In Ireland,a new initiative launched by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine will see 2017 become the ‘Year of Sustainable Grassland’,according to AgriLand. The year-long project will see an extra focus placed on the productivity, utilization and sustainability of grass by the by the Department, its agencies and other stakeholders.It also aims to focus on the international reputation of Ireland’s grass based production systems. Grass is at the heart of efficient dairy and livestock systems and is recognized and valued by international customers as a sustainable system.The aim of the initiative is to improve grass productivity and utilization and to enhance and promote awareness of the sustainability of Ireland’s grass-based production system, according to the Department. Efficient utilization of grassland through greater emphasis on soil health can increase the carbon efficiency of increased production.This would also reduce the loss of nutrients and release of gasses into the atmosphere, while improving the soils capacity to act as a carbon sink. In Nigeria, the plan to setup grassland is ongoing more

The dairy farm in the desert producing 11 litres of milk every second.

Some 22,500 cows are milked on the Al Badiah dairy farm in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia four times each day, producing a jaw-dropping 11L of milk every second.The Al Badiah farm is fitted with six rapid-exit milking parlours, each consisting of two 75-unit ‘stalls’ running parallel to each other. The scale and size of the equipment is needed to collect approximately 960,000L of milk produced by the cows daily. Hygiene is important and upon entering the parlour the cows teats are disinfected. Once milking is completed the milking system is flushed with iodine and water. The volume of milk produced ensures that a laden milk tanker leaves the farm every 40 minutes. At any one time on Al Badiah, 52% of the herd should be in calf. A ‘quiet day’ on the farm would see about 45 cows being calved, but on ‘busy days’ that number rises to over 100. All of the heifer calves are kept on the farm; bull calves are sold at two-to-three weeks of age. There are 52 silage pits on the Al Badiah farm, with maize silage being the main feedstuff. The farm uses approximately 1,000t of feed each day.

Healthy tips for raising antibiotic free broilers (ABF).

An Indiana-based producer with more than 15 years’ experience raising broilers without antibiotics — offers these tips for ensuring a strong, healthy and efficient bird: Muller poultry has been raising broilers without antibiotics (ABF) and these are their tips. 1) Start with healthy stock that have been proven over the years.Miller Poultry now exclusively raises Aviagen Ross 708. While the line has a reputation for being a “big-bird breed” that requires more nutrients than other lines, they seem to have fewer leg problems — a common trouble spot in ABF production — and a higher yield at processing, according to live operations director Stephen Shepard. 2) Understand that gut health is the key to success in production. Birds with healthy guts absorbs food properly,grow fast and are disease free. Coccidiosis and necrotic enteritis (NE) are their biggest health challenges. To help prevent coccidiosis — a prerequisite for managing NE — Miller Poultry leans on vaccines all year long for its organic birds. 3) lightening techniques,the first 7 days in the life of birds are critical and hence great care must be taken to ensure growth and stability. The lightening procedure of lights on to ensure birds can see at night for feed can be manipulated for better effects. The use of LED lights have been shown to boost growth and hence productivity. see Miller Poultry is experimenting with LED tube lights along the water and feed lines, making the inside of a dimly lighted broiler house look like an airport runway at night. The lighting, Shepard says, attracts the birds and ensures good feed and water intake. 4) Rotate medication ,feed and vaccines. Miller Poultry was a big user of a recombinant vaccine for Marek’s disease and infectious bursal disease (IBD). In recent years, however, they’ve been rotating in traditional live IBD vaccines to get better protection against shedding — a known shortcoming with continuous use of recombinants. Maintaining healthy bursas is important in any production system, it is especially critical for ABF operations to help optimize immunity. 5) Vaccinating year-round for Escherichia coli is a common practice in the industry for broiler-breeders and layers.E. coli typically emerges in broilers as a secondary infection to infectious bronchitis virus or reovirus, and can lead to high numbers of condemnations in the processing plant when birds are harvested . Miller poultry administers the E. coli vaccine at day 1 via hatchery spray, sometimes in combination with a coccidiosis vaccine.

How to produce fertilizer from cow urine.

Cow urine is a good organic fertilizer and pesticide and its best for the cultivation of spinach .Its used as an organic pesticide, as it can prevent some attacks by the insects . Cow urine is an effective organic fertilizer used in india ,Nepal e.t.c. The cow urine can be used alone or mixed with some other ingredients to get better results. The urine mixture must not be applied directly to the crops you need to dilute it 10% water before you apply to the vegetables.more

How to use groundnut cake as organic fertilizer.

Ground nut cake can be used as a organic fertilizer in our farms,but cannot be applied directly if the benefits are to be exhibited. The method of use is as follows; 1) Take a handful of the groundnut cake and pour in one litre of water. 2)Let mixture stand for 3 days. 3) To use mix solution to 2 parts of water and spray veggies once a week.

How to make organic fertilizer from cow urine.

Cattle urine can be a good alternative to replace chemical fertilizers. When the urine is fermented for 15 days along with neem (Azadirachta indica), it can be sprayed over agricultural field to repel insects. Sap-feeding pests and foliar insects can be better controlled by spraying cattle urine and with fewer adverse effects than those presented by traditional pesticides.more Cow urine is a good organic fertilizer and pesticide and its best for the cultivation of spinach .Its used as an organic pesticide, as it can prevent some attacks by the insects . Cow urine is an effective organic fertilizer used in india ,Nepal e.t.c. The cow urine can be used alone or mixed with some other ingredients to get better results. The urine mixture must not be applied directly to the crops you need to dilute it 10% water before you apply to the vegetables. The ratio is 1: 10 that is 1 litter cow urine diluted with 10 litter of water. The ingredients needed to make the fertilizer are as follows 1) cow urine. 2) Bird's eye chili 3) bar soap. Method. 1) slice bar soap and mix with 0.5 litre of water. 2)Grind the bird's chilli pepper and mix with solution above. 3) Then mix the new solution with 1 litre of cow urine,mix thoroughly and filter. 4) To use add 10 litres of water. source

Cow urine as a low cost alternative to chemical pesticides and fertilizers.

Cattle urine can be a good alternative to replace chemical fertilizers. When the urine is fermented for 15 days along with neem (Azadirachta indica), it can be sprayed over agricultural field to repel insects. Sap-feeding pests and foliar insects can be better controlled by spraying cattle urine and with fewer adverse effects than those presented by traditional pesticides. A recent study suggests that cattle urine has antifungal properties against Fusarium oxysporum, Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotium rolfsii, the organisms responsible for the major fungal diseases one usually encounters out in the field. A research study suggests that rhizome rot pathogens Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. zinziberi, Pythium aphanidermatum and Ralstonia solanacearum can be efficiently managed using cow urine extracts. According to H.P. University, entomology laboratory, cow urine along with Vitex negundo and Ferula asafetida can be an eco-friendly way of controlling insects and pests that affect wheat and paddy crops. The same laboratory also concluded that cabbage aphids can be drastically reduced using an ash and soil mixture along with cow urine. Diluted cattle urine can also be used as organic fertilizer by adding 10 parts of water per unit part of urine Organic fertilizers use cattle dung and urine in ample amounts. It may be due to the fact that cattle urine is a good source of urea. A study from Vishwa Ayurvedic Parishad (VAP) shows that cattle urine consists of 95% water, 2.5 % urea and the remaining 2.5 % a mixture of minerals, salts, hormones and enzymes. Nitrogen makes up 46% of urea. Demand for nitrogen, a necessary and most often abused nutrient can be significantly reduced using cattle urine as fertilizer. Furthermore, the salt and minerals found in urine help to compensate the micro nutrient deficiency in the plants. When this fertilizer is supplied through drip irrigation ,it brings the additional benefit of efficient absorption of nitrogen by plants. Countries like Nepal and India have been using cattle urine and dung as a fertilizer for thousands of years. However, with the advancement of science, farmers are now more innovative.

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Rapper Akon lights up two more African nations with solar power.

Rapper Akon lights up two more African nations with solar power.The Senegalese-American artist Akon is looking skywards to splash his cash by investing in solar power projects across Africa. The rapper added The Gambia and Cape Verde to his Akon Lighting Africa initiative this weekend, a fund that already helps populations who struggle to connect to limited or absent national grids in 25 African countries. The Gambian village of Sareh Pateh, population 4,000, turned on solar street lights for the first time on Sunday night, along with power for a mosque and a pharmacy. Akon, real name Aliaume Damala Badara Akon Thiam, spent part of his childhood in a Senegalese village without electricity before settling in the United States. In Cape Verde on Saturday the musician met with Economy Minister Jose Goncalves and said he considered the poor but stable island nation to be his next investment prospect.The African Renewable Energy Initiative, launched at the Paris COP21 summit in 2015, aims to bring large-scale projects to the continent. source

Monday, March 6, 2017

How greenhouses are boosting property sales.

Agriculture is the new currency with every industry trying a slice for size. Agriculture and real estate is a fantastic merger that provides food, shelter,employment and business partnership. Agriculture and real estate see. Greenhouses are a new twist to the investment plan,the construction of greenhouses, which is the farming model being taken up by property companies is becoming an opportunity of recovering the invested capital within a year while the land is appreciating ahead of reselling. Denko Properties Consultant Gilbert Yator said more youths than before are interested in purchasing land for prospective reasons. But the inclusion of agribusiness incentives like a greenhouse is making the deal sweater as it adds value to the property. For instance, Denko Properties sells a plot in Juja, Kiambu County, at Sh630,000. The purchaser adds Sh295,000 more for the installation of the greenhouse, which is managed by the property company to generate at least a half a million shillings per year. “This investment targets the young enterprising generation that has not decided to settle, but want to invest in property for resale after appreciation of the prices. An opportunity to make an extra coin from the agribusiness without physically working in the greenhouse is contributing to the surge in this investment,” Yator said. The company has property in Kiambu, Kajiado, Nairobi, among other cosmopolitan counties and towns. After paying the extra Sh295,000, the company does all the production work until marketing, while the owner waits for the agreed money. This is perfect for the working class, who cannot be at the farm all through. Yator said the value addition, which has been adopted by many property companies, has increased the speed of selling of land by more than three times because of the recovery and turn-over rate. more

Bagging bananas to quicken maturity by two weeks.

A new research has shown that farmers, who cover banana bunches with perforated polythene bags, will quicken the maturity of the fruit by up to two weeks due to the conducive micro-climate that is created. The perforated polythene covers speed up the maturity time by between five days. The cover, which runs from the first hand to the tip, creates a micro-climate of high temperatures of an average of 0.5 degrees Celsius per 24 hours. On warmer days the ‘greenhouse’ effect micro-climate can reach 7 degrees Celsius. The cover leads to increased bunch weight due to optimum photosynthesis and reduced pests attack. The cover is placed from the base of the bunch and tied at the top, right at the scar of the first bract. Early bagging helps in preventing thrips from attacking the banana. In Central Kenya, a few farmers are adopting the method by improvisation using the common yellow polythene bags for shopping. The inner linings of synthetic fertiliser bags can also work in covering the banana hands individually or as a whole bunch. The research says thick bags increase and maintain temperatures faster and for long. Transparent covers allow in more than 90 per cent of the light required to photosynthesis while 73 per cent of the energy required in the food making process is at 73. Organic farmers around the world using this method to quicken maturity of the bananas impregnate the equipment with garlic and pepper solution to reduce thrips attack. source

How irrigation boosts banana yield by 30%.

Farmers, who regularly irrigate bananas, can boot the weight of the fruit by more than 30 per cent. More than 90 per cent of famers in Kenya- especially in Nyanza and Central regions- do not know bananas have to be irrigated like other horticultural crops for high yields. That is why some of the biggest bananas only reach 50kg to 80kg- depending on the rains. Naomi Wahu, who had a banana weighing about 110kg during a farmers’ event in Thika in February 2017, said reduced soil moisture affects food conversion in the crop for maximum weight. A plantlet requires at least 40 liters of water after planting. But as it grows, 20 litres of water must be added to the sucker until maturity,” Wahu, who is a field officer at the Aberdare Technologies Limited said. In the absence of rains, the banana sucker must get 40 to 60 litres of water every week. However, Wahu warned that excess water encourages rotting of the roots due to clogging. Bananas have broad leaves, with some spreading to more than two mitres. The leaves offer a large surface area for the loss of water through transpiration. This water, therefore, must be recovered via irrigation in absence of rain.more

Digital pen technology reports disease fast. and prevent outbreaks.

Livestock farmers in the country can now breathe a sigh of relief after the introduction of a digital pen technology used by veterinary officers to immediately report to the capital about any disease outbreak within ten seconds. The innovative tool which reports about an outbreak to the capital in ten seconds is aimed at saving millions of shillings worth of livestock which are lost due to longer periods of over three weeks that manual processes take hence making it difficult to contain an outbreak in time. The old trend has greatly been revolutionized with the Digital Pen Technology which reports about an outbreak to the capital in the shortest time span. The technology entails use of a digital pen, digital paper and an internet enabled phone. The digital paper has commands that are interlinked with the pen. It has a start and end command boxes. When one ticks the start box then the Bluetooth in the pen is activated and the pen will note anything that will be written on the paper using the camera on it and when the end box is clicked then the information is automatically stored in the pen’s memory chip. The veterinary officer just writes on the digital pare normally and then the details are recorded simultaneously by the camera on the pen to the memory chip. According to Dr. Kahariri,one of the brains behind the innovation noted, the technology is better than smart phones and gives users ample time to note the details. “Field workers and veterinarians cannot take time punching in information on a phone, trying to find the small keys on a touch screen that might be impossible to see in the bright sunlight. A digital pen, however, has a miniature infrared camera that records writing as the pen passes over paper sending the data wirelessly using Bluetooth technology to a cell phone and then onward to a central server.” The pen can store 40 forms on its’ memory chip. Once the information has been sent to the capital for analysis the platform also allows editing and adding more data on a similar report earlier keyed in. The innovative technology was first initiated by the United Nations agricultural agency; Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO). Since the introduction the technology, Dr. Kahariri noted that they have been able to detect and contain some of the fatal animal diseases on time and therefore improving their relations with the pastoralist communities. The digital pen technology can locate the exact position of the outbreak through GPS as the technology locates both longitude and latitude of the place. The use of the digital pen technology will help increase productivity by reducing endemic animal diseases that lower productivity but also lower zoonotic disease transmissions that threaten small-scale livestock producers in poor countries as well as human health in all countries. source

Sunday, March 5, 2017

Gates, Dangote float new funding window for healthcare delivery in Kano, Yobe.

As part of its global humanitarian activities, Bill &Melinda Gates Foundation, in partnership with Dangote Foundation, has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the governments Kano and Yobe states. The aim is to boost primary health care delivery in the two states. The signing of the agreement which was witnessed by a large collection of major stakeholders various countries, was a follow up to earlier agreement entered into by the two Foundations and governments of the two states. Under the new agreement, the management of the Foundations will be partnering governments of each of the two states to float a funding basket to be used in financing Primary HealthCare Delivery in rural areas of the two states. more

Dangote to set up powder milk factory.

The Dangote Group of companies is to set up a multi-billion-shilling powder milk plant in Kenya. The conglomerate is looking at possibilities of exploiting the rich Kenyan dairy sector and the precise position, to set up a factory that would process dry milk for the Nigerian market, according to group vice-president Sani Dangote. “We will process the milk and have it shipped to Nigeria: We are first commencing with a full study to understand the value chain of the Kenyan dairy market and to evaluate the costs involved in running a full plant.” Mr Dangote said that the Nigerian market relied on a beverage company that imports in excess of 4,000 tonnes of powder milk annually. The company imports an estimated Sh1 billion worth of milk, which was still insufficient, he said. Mr Dangote said there was minimal local production of milk in the country, hence the increase in consumption of powder milk.source Mr Aliko Dangote, says 98 per cent of all dairy products consumed in the country are imported. He said that the nation was at the risk of hunger in the next few years if the mass food importation was not checked. “Ninety-eight per cent of all the milk and dairy products we consume in Nigeria are imported. “This is why Dangote Group has planned to develop dairy plants, and develop homegrown milk production, to reduce importation. more

Grazing reserves essential to boost milk production.

The Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Audu Ogbeh says the Federal Government is working toward setting up grazing reserves across the country to curb incessant clashes between herdsmen and farmers. Ogbeh, who spoke at the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) Forum in Abuja, said he was called all sorts of names for suggesting the importation of grass for the creation of reserves, which would solve the conflict and boost milk production in the country. He explained that there were grazing reserves in the country before and the cows were then properly fed and taken care of. The minister showcased Brazil ,“Brazil took grass from Africa 25 years ago and now, they are exporting same grass to Saudi Arabia. The minister explained that when he was newly appointed, he suggested grass planting by importing grass but was called all sorts of names. He stressed that it was impossible to have grazing reserves without grass. He explained that Saudi Arabia had the largest dairy farm in the world with about 135,000 cows in one farm. The cows are very comfortable housed in an air-conditioned environment. The cows produce milk in large quantities, which is now imported into the country. He noted that we need to improve our dairy industry, by placing cattle in conducive environment so that a cow can produce 25 to 40 liters of milk per day. more

Friday, March 3, 2017

Cross-border e-commerce considered a growth rocket for sub-Saharan Africa retailers.

Thinking of a new business venture? then take advantage of the exchange rate and delve into export business. The thirst for local products has increased considerably due to fall in Naira, pushing more consumers to home grown products. There are a crop of business people that are savvy and have turned the problem to a big-time solution for exporting local products to earn forex and many are using the services of DHL. The delivery service expert has cashed in on this opportunity by providing a DHL hub in Lagos to facilitate easy freighting of cargo. Agricultural products are enjoying the spotlight with more people using this service to grow there brands and expand there capital base. DHL Express, the world’s leading international express services provider, has published research highlighting the significant growth opportunity for retailers and manufacturers with an international online product offering.The report – The 21st Century Spice Trade: A Guide to the Cross-Border E-Commerce Opportunity. Cross-border shipping is actually simple and retailers in sub-Saharan Africa are perfectly positioned to take advantage of international opportunities. More

Global harvests strong but hunger persists amid chronic conflict zones.

Global food supply conditions are robust, but access to food has been dramatically reduced in areas suffering civil conflicts, while drought conditions are worsening food security across swathes of East Africa, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report. Some 37 countries require external assistance for food, 28 of them in Africa as a result of lingering effects of last year's El Niño-triggered droughts on harvests in 2016. Yet, while agricultural production is expected to rebound in southern Africa, protracted fighting and unrest is increasing the ranks of the displaced and hungry in other parts of the world. Famine has been formally declared in South Sudan and the food security situation is of grave concern in northern Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen. “This is an unprecedented situation. Never before have we been faced with 4 threats of famine in multiple countries simultaneously,” said FAO Assistant Director-General Kostas Stamoulis, head of the Economic and Social Development department. “It demands swift action which should consist of immediate food assistance but also livelihood support to ensure that such situations are not repeated.” In South Sudan, 100,000 people were facing famine in Leer and Mayendit Counties, part of former Unity State, while there was an "elevated risk" that similar conditions existed in two nearby counties. Overall, about 4.9 million people across the country were classified as facing crisis, emergency or famine. That number is projected to increase to 5.5 million, or almost half the country's population, at the peak of the lean season in July. In northern Nigeria, 8.1 million people are facing acute food insecurity conditions and require urgent life-saving response and livelihood protection. That comes despite the above-average cereal harvest in 2016 and reflects the disruption caused by conflict as well as the sharp depreciation of the Naira. source