Sunday, November 30, 2014
Vet do have roles to play in animal-human health,animal production,researches to further shed light on the animal-human interaction and how to strike a balance to ensure a better world.The importance of animal-human interaction was also discussed by GILBERT S.KAHN IN THE HUFF POST. HE SAID" It has been well-documented that the human-animal connection provides a powerful healing bond. Service and therapy dogs really do enhance our quality of life. A common situation that develops among the elderly is the repercussion of a pet's illness. Often times, this event leads to the pet needing to leave the home. An additional outcome may be that the person ends up in a nursing home with little animal contact, which has been shown to improve their quality of life as well as, at times, their health. The human-animal connection extends into other areas as well. We have a moral obligation to study our companion animals on this planet; it's a practical issue that the animals that serve us, feed us, and take care of us be healthy. In doing so, we must redefine the veterinarian's role. Vets will always be needed to treat cats and dogs. But it is their ability to link animal science to human well-being, advance food production and safety, and provide critical defense from global pandemics that needs to be better understood. It is far and away today's and tomorrow's veterinarians who are best suited to tackle important issues such as these.
The role of the vet in nation building. The vet has a major role to play in nation building in terms of animal health and production. It has been documented that 75% of diseases affecting humans are caused by animals, so if the health status of the animals are top priority ,then we can prevent a lot of diseases in man. The animal kingdom has a lot to offer the human race ,in terms of food, clothing, medicine, research opportunities, foreign exchange and new improved genetic strain and breeds that can eliminate unwanted traits in certain species. There is a fortune to be made from animal husbandry but management of such projects deny us the expected rewards. I want to talk on an aspect of production that is crucial but its neglected, this is the major reason why we are not raking in the estimated profits. Animal/pet identification project: if farmer has his farm registered, the animals on the farm are microchiped, the information is stored in a data base, the location of the farm is noted using google earth or the simple G.P.S , all activities on the farm are monitored by vets and of course the farm is insured. All products from the farm can be traced up to the market,and all food safety procedures adhered to, and documented. This process alone will give a data base of producers in the country,proper management will be ensured, tracing of products are possible, this will be of importance if there is a problem that mandates a recall of product for investigation. The way forward to achieve the purpose of production is to have a data base that shows what is where, where they came from, where they are off to. The integration of the insurance companies to the livestock industry with strict compliance will boost standard and level of production. The identification project should be extended to pets as well, this will enhance proper planning for effective vet care against Zoonotic diseases especially rabies. Identification will let us know where pets are ,and what types we are dealing with ,the insurance collaboration will be of immense benefit to the pet owners. Identification, monitoring , tracing and tracking in animals and pets will go a long way to ensure a better level of production. The role of vets in nation building cannot be overemphasized and a collaboration between vets and human medics will go a long way to ensure the one health one world initiative. The world has a lot to learn from the vets, according to GILBERT S. KAHN,DEAN OF VET MEDICINE,SCHOOL OF VET MED,UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA,AS REPORTED BY JOAN HENDRICKS IN THE HUFF POST. HE SAID "Most people think that veterinarians are doctors who treat cats and dogs, provide compassionate, expert care but also charge amply for their services. This narrow view means that a vet's work is underestimated and, often, not respected. In reality their role is substantially broader and yet their leadership potential is generally overlooked. While many vets are caregivers for our domestic animals -- and it's very important work -- a larger mission is to focus on minimizing the transmission of infectious disease and help tackle world hunger issues. Vets are trained as rigorously as doctors of human medicine; four years of college, four of vet school and additional internships and residencies if they become specialists. Uniquely trained in comparative biology, veterinarians are the only members of the clinical profession -- including physicians -- who see many different species, and understand medicine fundamentally such that all species benefit. Veterinarians approach medicine with a global perspective and support public health, enormously impacting people's well-being. They also play an integral role in food safety and food production. Since people share many of the same diseases and biology as animals, veterinarians have a large role in preventing and controlling diseases, as well as providing research that helps treat diseases like cancer, neurological disorders and immune diseases. In fact, veterinary medicine is the profession that stands between all of humanity and plague and famine. Disease For instance, many of the infectious diseases (e.g. avian flu, swine flu, AIDS, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease) that spread in humans come from animals originally. The CDC estimates that number to be 75%. Preventing new diseases in humans, as well as potential plagues, is crucial, and well-trained animal care professionals play a vital role. In Pennsylvania, veterinarians developed surveillance technology that provides the ability to stem an outbreak of avian influenza. Within one month, a potentially devastating outbreak was stopped at a cost of $400,000 while a similar outbreak in Virginia at the same time cost the state over $100 million. Undoubtedly, it is safer, cheaper, healthier and more effective to identify a disease before it appears in people. Beyond infectious diseases, many veterinarians transcend the animal world by applying the knowledge they have gained through their research to develop better treatments for animals and people. For example, Dr. Ralph Brinster became in 2011 the only veterinarian ever to win the National Medal of Science. He developed a reliable in-vitro culture system for early mouse embryos. Now the system is used in embryo manipulations such as human in-vitro fertilization, mammalian cloning, and embryonic stem cell therapy. And vets are leading the way in critical advances in gene therapies -- including cures for two forms of blindness in animals and humans, one of which is now in human trials. The American Academy of Neurology cites more than 12 neurological diseases or disorders that animal research has helped cure, treat, prevent, or further understand. Clearly, human and animal health are more connected than most people realize, and doctors can learn much from the breakthrough work of veterinarians. Famine Not only are we concerned about diseases of epidemic proportions but as our world population grows, we also are increasingly faced with issues related to famine. HUNGER is the world's number one public health threat -- killing more people than AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined, according to James T. Morris, Executive Director of the U.N. World Food Program. Food availability, safety and production are key areas of research and service for veterinarians. Our food sources need to be safe, healthy and plentiful. Veterinarians, for instance, have developed a food safety system whereby poultry eggs can be tested for SALMONELLA 10 times more swiftly, saving millions of dollars and ensuring public safety. And by gathering information from dairy farms, vets can examine this data and advise farmers on how to modify their feed formulations and additives and change milking schedules. Not only does this tremendously increase animal well-being, it also positively impacts the economics. Eating "local food" is a direct result. And beyond eating local, this knowledge has global implications and can be shared with developing countries who demand a higher quality of food and more animal protein, such as meat, milk, and eggs. While the number of dairy cows in the U.S. has decreased, milk production has grown. This isn't the case in developing countries -- the number of cows continues to grow while milk production doesn't. Our knowledge related to increasing yield per animal for dairy cows can help feed developing countries.
Saturday, November 29, 2014
RAISING QUAIL BIRDS FOR PROFIT. Quail birds are small sized birds that lay small sized tinted eggs but are packed with vitamins. The sizes of the birds make it easy to manage, and their life cycle also encourages rearing in-house or out in the barn. The most common species are the Bob white quail and the Japanese quail; Coturnix japonlca. The quails have some advantages over the chicken; 1) the female quail begin to lay at 6 weeks and this continues for a year.2)They require minimal space for raising; the requirement is about 2 birds per square metre. 3) The quails are efficient feed converters; each quail egg is about 8% of the weight, while the chicken gives 3% of her weight. 4) They can also be slaughtered at 6 weeks. QUAIL MANAGEMENT. Males and females are raised to produce fertile eggs, which is a ratio-of 2 females to one male. It’s important to maintain this ratio because more males exposed to caged females will result in one male dominating, and pecking and injuring the other males. The ideal method is to have 1 male +2 females in a cage, and within 24 hours the egg produced is fertile and fertility is maintained for 3 weeks even after the male has been removed.(Woodward et al 73).The quails don’t sit on their eggs, so eggs collected are set in the incubator. The eggs hatch in 16 days.
Quail birds are small birds that lay small nutrient packed eggs that are of immense benefits to humans. BENEFITS OF QUAIL EGGS. 1) TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION. 2) TREATMENT OF DIABETES. 3) TREATMENT OF GASTRIC ULCERS. 4) STIMULATES GROWTH AND MENTAL DEVELOPMENT. 5) IMPROVES INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT. 6) REJUVENATES THE BODY. 7) STIMULATES GROWTH OF HAIR AND PREVENTS WEAK ENDS. 8) TREATMENT OF ECZEMA. 9) IMPROVES QUALITY OF BREAST MILK. 10) PROMOTES WEIGHT LOSS. 11) RICH IN VITAMIN A, B1, B2, B6, B12, D. 12) RICH IN PROTEINS, ZINC, PHOSPHORUS, COPPPER AND OTHER MICRO NUTRIENT, MINERALS AND AMINO ACIDS 13) TREATMENT OF ANEMIA. Quail eggs are so nutritious and help humans achieve the goal of wellness.
ACCORDING TO RECENT WORK, sharks are fingered in the cure of breast cancer.In Melbourne, Sept 27 (ANI): Researchers have claimed that a type of antibody found only in the blood of sharks could help tackle breast cancer. It is thought that the unique IgNAR antibodies could be used to prevent the growth of cancer cells and research into them could lead to the development of new drugs to fight one of the most common form of the disease, News.com.au reported. Biologists from the University of Aberdeen have been awarded 345,660 Australian dollars by Scottish cancer research charity the Association for International Cancer Research (AICR) to carry out a three-year study. Their work will focus on two molecules, HER2 and HER3, found on the surface of cancer cells which, when they pair-up, are responsible for signalling cancer cells to grow and divide. Potentially, IgNAR antibodies could be used to stop these molecules from working and sending the signal. Dr Helen Dooley who is from the university's School of Biological Sciences and will lead the study sais that IgNAR antibodies are interesting because they bind to targets, such as viruses or parasites, in a very different way to the antibodies found in humans. (ANI) ANIMAL HEALTH= HUMAN HEALTH.
The interaction between animals and man cannot be overemphasized,we live with some as pets,some are a source of income,while many are sources of good protein and other nutrients for the body. Animals also act as reservoir for most of pathogenic agents that cause diseases in man.65% of diseases affecting man are of animal origin,so its only logical that emphasis on proper animal health will result in improved human health. Animal characteristics ,behavior and nature can shed light on mechanism of certain disorders in man.Dr Alison Woollard in his lecture titled life fantastic,said certain creatures help explain where life comes from and how we grow and age. Dr Woollard,talks about how study of a particular type of fish could give us clues about sleep disorder inn man. Here,look at what he said about sleep disorder, Our biological clock - is an internal mechanism which regulates almost every aspect of our physiology and behavior. One of the ways in which it does this in humans is by exposure to the light/dark cycle of day and night, without which our internal clock becomes out of sync with the external world. So what would happen to our body's everyday routine, if we lived in a pitch black cave? Many cave dwelling creatures like this blind Mexican cave fish are pale and lack eyes Blind Mexican cave fish live in complete darkness their entire lives, and yet they have still developed an internal body clock that helps to govern their feeding patterns. By identifying and understanding the genes which control their body clocks we may be able to shed light on how our genetic makeup contributes to our internal 'clock' and better understand sleep disorders.
Friday, November 28, 2014
Diarrhea is the rapid movement of fecal matter through the digestive tract, involving poor absorption of water, nutrients and electrolytes and passage of soft, watery, unformed stools. Diarrhea usually is a sign that something is wrong with the dog’s gastrointestinal tract. Some cases of diarrhea are caused by digestive distractions, such as when dogs eat food or get into the garbage. Diarrhea can also be caused by more serious problems, like poisoning .Diarrhea can be severe and then stops. It also can happen gradually and last for a long time. Affected dogs often are nauseous and have intestinal cramping and pain. They can become dehydrated and depressed. Unless the underlying reasons for diarrhea are resolved, dogs can suffer from this unpleasant condition for a prolonged period. Diarrhea is usually a symptom of some underlying medical condition; it is not a disease or illness in and of itself. Nonetheless, diarrhea in dogs require prompt attention and treatment, both for the comfort and welfare of the affected animal and for the benefit and of its owner. Diarrhea can be acute, which means that it occurs quickly, which is quite severe and then its resolved.. It also can be a chronic which progresses for along time. Dogs with diarrhea will have a variety of symptoms, depending upon the cause of their condition and whether the disorder is acute (sudden in onset and short in duration) or chronic (slow in onset and lasting for a long time). Diarrhea is accompanied by gastrointestinal upset, which can include nausea, cramping and abdominal pain Diarrhea, as most people know, is the passage of loose, unformed stools. Both sudden-onset (acute) and chronic diarrhea can be life-threatening, especially in puppies, older dogs, dogs with compromised immune systems and those with underlying medical disorders such as diabetes, Addison’s disease In cases of diarrhea ,dogs should be given medication to coat the stomach walls and they should be given field to correct dehydration. The B olive diarrhea null is very effective ,try it today.
Tuesday, November 18, 2014
VETERINARY MEDICINE: How to wash your dog. The quality and texture of the dog’s hair will determine how much dirt it collects and how frequently the dog should be bathed. Your dog’s lifestyle and activities will also influence how often she gets dirty and needs a bath. If you own a dog with special coat requirements, consult a breeder or a professional groomer for specific recommendations. The usual reasons for bathing a dog are to remove accumulated dirt and debris, to ensure the removal of dead hair at shedding time, to eliminate doggy odor in dogs with oily coats, and to improve the appearance of the coat. Routine bathing is not necessary for the health of the coat or the dog. In fact, frequent bathing can rob the coat of its natural sheen and make it harsh and dry. For most dogs, regular brushing will keep the coat in good condition and eliminate the need for frequent baths. HOW TO WASH YOUR DOG. Before bathing a dog, brush out all snarls and tangles and remove mats. If this step is omitted, the wet, matted hair will set and be most difficult to manage. It is important to select a shampoo labeled “for dogs.” Most shampoos for humans are on the acid side and are therefore unsuitable for dogs. There are a number of good commercial dog shampoos on the market for dogs such as B OLIVE SHAMPOO.. Household disinfectants must never be used on dogs. These chemicals are absorbed through the skin and can cause death. Baths should be given using a bathtub or basin. Place a rubber mat on the bottom of the tub or basin to keep the dog from slipping. Plug her ears with cotton to keep water out-wet ear canals are predisposed to infection. Add some lukewarm water to the bath tub place the dog in the tub. Begin by washing her face with a damp cloth. Lift up the ear flaps and wipe the under surface to remove dirt, wax, and dead skin. Using a bath sprayer, wet the dog thoroughly with warm water. Then work the shampoo in by hand, one section at a time. Be sure to lather all of the dog-not only her back and sides, but also her neck, chest, belly, legs, feet, and tail. If the coat is badly soiled, rinse lightly , apply shampoo again and was thoroughly ,then rinse and towel dry your pooch.