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Saturday, January 21, 2017

Smartphone microscope offers cost-effective DNA sequencing and genetic mutation analysis.

Smartphone microscope offers cost-effective DNA sequencing and genetic mutation analysis.Just like an alphabet is made up of individual letters, DNA is composed of chemical bases. And in the same way that letters must be placed in a specific order to form words and sentences, the sequence of chemical bases is incredibly important in how DNA functions and codes our lives. One reason scientists pay close attention to DNA sequence is that it can help them identify a gene or a mutation that may cause a disease. But the analysis typically requires sending patients' cell and tissue samples to well-equipped labs, which in many cases are located far away. This is a particular challenge in settings with limited resources—in developing countries and underdeveloped communities, for example—where health care workers do not always have the tools or the expertise to conduct DNA sequencing analysis.continue