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Friday, January 6, 2017

Boy with 'the world's largest head' has surgery to remove 3.7 LITRES of fluid from around his skull.

A young boy from India has undergone successful surgery to correct a condition which saw him possess the world's largest head. Mrityunjay Das, who is just seven months old and suffers from hydrocephalus, was relieved of nearly four litres of fluid, which inflated his face to the size of a watermelon. As a result, the diameter of the youngster's head has been reduced by 26 cm - from 96cm to 70cm - over six weeks of treatment. Hydrocephalus is a build-up of fluid in the brain.The excess fluid leads to increased pressure on the brain which can cause damage to the brain tissue. In the past, hydrocephalus was sometimes referred to as ‘water on the brain’ (the word hydrocephalus comes from the Greek words for water and head). However, the excess fluid is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), not water. The main symptoms of hydrocephalus are: headache, nausea, vomiting, confusion and problems with vision (for example, blurred or double vision). Congenital hydrocephalus, present in babies when they're born, can be caused by birth defects,such as spina bifida where an infant's spine doesn't develop properly. It can also occur as a result of an infection the mother develops during pregnancy, such as mumps or rubella (German measles). If left untreated, it carries the risk of long-term mental and physical disabilities as a result of permanent brain damage. source