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Monday, November 7, 2016

Diabetes in pets.

Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is a condition that occurs when the body cannot use glucose normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body’s cells. Insulin, which is produced by the pancreas, is required for the transfer of glucose from the bloodstream to the cells. In diabetics, glucose isn’t transported into the cells and there is not enough energy for the cells to function normally. Although diabetes cannot be cured, it can be managed very successfully. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, diabetes in dogs and cats can occur at any age. Most dogs are diagnosed at 7 to 10 years of age while most cats are older than 6 years of age when diagnosed. The disease is more manageable if detected early. The good news is that with the help of your veterinarian, diabetic pets can enjoy long, happy lives with proper monitoring, treatment, diet and exercise. In human patients, diabetics are classified as Type I or Type II. Type I occurs when the pancreas does not make enough insulin. Type II occurs when the body cannot respond normally to the amount of insulin made by the pancreas. Although diabetes in pets is sometimes classified as Type I or II, the difference between the types is less clear in pets than in humans. Obese pets are at a higher risk for developing diabetes. Aging dogs and cats may also develop other diseases that can contribute to the development of diabetes, such as overactive adrenal gland in dogs or overactive thyroid gland in cats, pancreatitis, heart disease, kidney disease, urinary tract infections and skin infections. Using medications that contain corticosteroids long-term is also a risk factor for diabetes. The following signs are associated with diabetics,1)Increased urination as Pets may empty their water bowl several times a day.2) Weight loss, even though your pet’s appetite may increase.May see increased appetite because body cells aren’t getting all the glucose they need.3) Cloudy eyes, especially in dogs.4) Chronic or recurring infections, including skin infections and urinary infections. continue

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